are three main types of litters:
large hard pieces or clumps when it comes in contact with the
moisture of pet waste. The clumps are then scooped from
the box, disposed of, and new litter is added to the box. The
rest of the litter is left almost undisturbed, and lasts about
a week to a week and a half. Boxes filled with clumping
litter need to be fully emptied every 1-2 weeks, cleaned with
Lysol or a similar cleaner (avoid lemon scents, which irritate
cats), and new litter needs to be put in. There are both
scented and unscented varieties, which depends on your cat
(some will avoid those that have a smell). Note: this
type of litter should not be used with kittens - if ingested,
it will clump in their tummies and cause problems. Recommended
litter of this type: Arm & Hammer Clumping Litter.
composed mainly of sand and water. There are tiny crystals
that absorb odor, and liquid waste is absorbed by granules
while solid waste must be removed. Silica-based litters
are bio-degradable and will decompose and return to their sandy
base. I've found that this type of litter is the cleanest
- it smells nicer than the others, has very little dust, and
the wastes are able to be flushed so it eliminates messes. Recommended
litter of this type: Fresh Step Crystals.
the first type of litter introduced commercially, and therefore
is the cheapest. Like the others solid waste needs to
be removed daily, and the entire litterbox needs to be completely
cleaned out and refilled more often because it absorbs liquid
waste and odors (see cleaning directions for clumping litter). This
is not the best type of litter for cats with allergies due
to the large amount of dust it produces.
changing from one litter category to the next, always gradually
mix in the new litter with the old to allow your cat to get used
to the new smell and texture. If you find that your cat
rejects the new litter and eliminates elsewhere, you have change
the litter too quickly. If you make a more gradual change
and your cat still rejects it, it is not the kind of
litter for your cat.
eliminate extra cat odors, you can choose one of the scented
varieties or sprinkle household baking soda in with the litter
to absorb odors. You can also look into purchasing a commercial
cat litter deoderizer, available at your local pet store.